INTRO TO ANTHROPOLOGY - ONLINE ACTIVITIES
Professor Reymers - Spring 2014

Online Activities: Each week (except Week 1 and the exam weeks -- see the course schedule), you will be reponsible for completing and submitting by email a weekly online activity. This may entail doing a reading or watching a video made available online, or performing some other kind of activity. Instructions will be posted weekly by Monday and will be due (by email) on Friday at 5pm of each week. You should e-mail your completed assignment to reymers@morrisville.edu, with the a subject heading of "ANTH#" (with "#" being the number of that week's online activity). Note: for regular correspondence, do not use the above link, or remove the automatic subject line heading, as activities with this subject line are automatically filtered into my email activities folder (and thus I will not see an email having to do with something else until later).


Online Activity 1

Watch all the videos at THIS website, or each one below on YouTube if you don't have Quicktime or RealPlayer.
After each video, write two sentences summarizing the main theme and idea about each video.

Youtube Video 1
Youtube Video 2
Youtube Video 3
Youtube Video 4
Youtube Video 5
Youtube Video 6
Youtube Video 7

IMPORTANT:
E-mail
your completed assignment
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu, with the SUBJECT: ANTH1

Due on or before Friday Jan 31, 5pm

(Note: for regular correspondence, do not use the above link, or remove the automatic subject line heading)


Online Activity 2

Virtual Cranium Lab

Click on the this link to download and print the PDF instructions.

IMPORTANT:
Fill in
the table at the bottom of the instruction sheet and turn in your completed assignment to me by the end of the week.

Due on or before Friday Feb 7, 5pm


Online Activity 3:
Video - Becoming Human

Watch PBS NOVA's
"Becoming Human, Part III"
(click HERE)

(requires Adobe Flash player)

Take notes during the video and answer these questions while you watch:

1. What is significant about the cave burial site in which Homo heidelbergensis was discovered?
2. Who is the "Boy from Scladina" and what does his story reveeal to us about the behavior of Neanderthals about 100,000 years ago?
3. What is the "bottleneck effect" (in relation to the DNA structure of modern humans)?
4. What is the evidence of small groups of humans living on the coast of Africa 76,000 years ago?
5. According to the DNA evidence presented by the Max Planck Institute in Germany, did ancient Homo sapiens and Neanderthals interbreed?
6. Why did Neanderthals become extinct, and why did we Homo sapiens survive?

E-mail your completed assignment
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu, with the SUBJECT: ANTH3

Due Friday, February 14, 5pm

(Note: for regular correspondence, do not use the above link, or remove the automatic subject line heading)


Online Activity 4

Review the information about human variation in each of the 6 links available at the following website:
"Understanding Race" http://www.understandingrace.org/humvar/index.html

Answer the following questions after investigating the section under each link:

1. The Human Spectrum: Why is race a questionable way to group people, according to the rationale of this section?
2. Only Skin Deep: What causes variation in skin color?
3. Our Molecular Selves: What have we learned about DNA from the Human Genome Project?
4. Health Connections: Use sickle-cell disease as an example to explain how our health is determined by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
5. Race and Human Variation: What is the "essentialist" view of race, and what are the problems with this view?
6. Quiz: For the sixth section, the quiz, simply report your score on the quiz.

E-mail your completed assignment
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu, with the SUBJECT: ANTH4

Due Friday, Feb 28, 5pm

(Note: for regular correspondence, do not use the above link, or remove the automatic subject line heading)


Online Activity 5

Video Assignment:

Watch this video of the archaeology of the Fremont Indians. Then answer the following questions:

1. Where did the archaeological research take place?
2. What makes this archaeological research site so unique?
3. How old was the Fremont civilization?
4. What feature were the archaeologists trying to discover at the base camp site?
5. What types of artifacts were discovered by the archaeological team?
6. What forms of remote sensing did they use?
7. Why were the archaeologists rappelling off cliffs?
8. What figures were portrayed on the petroglyph drawings?
9. What was the conclusion the team drew regarding what they could learn from their excavation of the base camp site?

E-mail your completed assignment
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu, with the SUBJECT: ANTH5

Due Friday, Mar 7, 5pm

(Note: for regular correspondence, do not use the above link, or remove the automatic subject line heading)


Online Activity 6

Watch the following YouTube video and answer the questions as you watch:

Guns, Germs and Steel, Part 1
(Source: National Geographic, 2005)

1. What is the thesis of this documentary? (answer this question at the end of the video, but contemplate it throughout)
2. What was the name of the village identified by Canadian archaeologist Ian Kuijt?
3. Where in the world is the location of the first known permanent human settlement ?
4. What is the human artifact (a feature, or structure, of an archaeological site) that is so important in the development of domestication of plants?
5. How did the first farmers impact the evolutionary development of the plants around them?
6. According to Diamond, why did the New Guinea farmers not develop civilization?
7. What is the advantage that Americans have over New Guineans when it comes to the crops we eat?
8. How did the domestication of animals relate to farming in America and New Guinea?
9. Why were most of the villages of the fertile crescent abandoned after one thousand years of intensive farming and where did the people go?
10. What are some of the criticisms of Jared Diamond's argument that geography and food crops explain inequality and how does he answer them?

E-mail your completed assignment
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu, with the SUBJECT: ANTH6

Due Friday, Mar 14, 5pm

(Note: for regular correspondence, do not use the above link, or remove the automatic subject line heading)


Online Activity 7

Read the following article about the endangered first languages of Kenya and what is being done to preserve them, then answer the seven questions below:

Language Endangerment and Language Maintenance: Can Endangered Indigenous Languages of Kenya Be Electronically Preserved? by Wamalwa and Oluoch, 2013.

1. Ninety-six percent of the world’s languages are spoken by what percentage of the world’s population?
2. How is this last fact significant to the study and preservation of languages?
3. What is language endangerment?
4. What is the importance of linguistic diversity?
5. What are some of the functions of language?
6. Why are some urban Kenyans not able to speak or understand their first language?
7. What measures are being taken to preserve Kenya’s first languages?

E-mail your completed assignment
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu, with the SUBJECT: ANTH7

Due Friday, Mar 28, 5pm

(Note: for regular correspondence, do not use the above link, or remove the automatic subject line heading)


Online Activity 8

Read the following two articles about the study of culture (ethnology and ethnography) and answer the following questions:

Eating Christmas in the Kalahari, by Richard Lee

1. What was the basic misunderstanding between the !Kung and Lee?
2. How well do the !Kung get along in sharing resources such as meat? Why is sharing such an important practice to them?
3. Why do you think the !Kung ridicule successful hunters? How is this fundamentally different from American culture? Give an example in your answer.

Shakespeare in the Bush, by Laura Bohannan

4. In choosing the play Hamlet, what is the authors perception of how the Tiv would understand the story?
5. What were the errors in the story of Hamlet that the tribe elders pointed out?
6. What is the thesis of the article by Laura Bohannon?

E-mail your completed assignment
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu, with the SUBJECT: ANTH8

Due Friday, Apr 11, 5pm

(Note: for regular correspondence, do not use the above link, or remove the automatic subject line heading)


Online Activity 9

Read the following article about family and answer the following questions:

Is There a Family? New Anthropological Views, by Collier, Rosaldo and Yanagisako

1. According to the authors, what was the view of Bronislaw Malinowski about the cultural universality of "the family"?
2. What are some problems with the traditional "structural" view of the family institution according to the authors?
3. In what ways do the authors try to "rethink" the social construction that is "the family"?

E-mail your completed assignment
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu, with the SUBJECT: ANTH9

Due Friday, Apr 18, 5pm

(Note: for regular correspondence, do not use the above link, or remove the automatic subject line heading)


Online Activity 10

Read the following article about reciprocity and answer the following questions: Reciprocity and the Power of Giving, by Lee Cronk

1. Explain where the term “Indian-giving” came from and why.
2. How has gift giving in some societies come to serve as a substitute for war? Describe a culture that has a “war of wealth” instead of a “war of blood”.
3. What is a modern-day example of reciprocity that the author discusses?

E-mail your completed assignment
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu, with the SUBJECT: ANTH10

Due Friday, Apr 25, 5pm

(Note: for regular correspondence, do not use the above link, or remove the automatic subject line heading)

 


Optional: Bonus Online Activity 1

Read the following article and answer this article about hunting and gathering life --
Scarce Resources in the Kalahari, by Richard Lee -- and answer these questions:

1. Describe the physical geography as well as social organization of the place that Lee was studying.
2. According to Lee, how much did the average !Kung camp member work? Discuss at least two different measures.
3. When Lee wrote the article in 1964, what was the dominant anthropological hypothesis regarding foraging tribes?
4. Did Lee’s research on the !Kung confirm or deny this hypothesis?

E-mail your completed assignment
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu, with the SUBJECT: ANTHB1

Due Friday, Apr 25, 5pm

(Note: for regular correspondence, do not use the above link, or remove the automatic subject line heading)

 


Optional: Bonus Online Activity 2

Read the following article about the development of human leadership and authority structures by Marvin Harris, titled Life Without Chiefs, then answer the questions below.

1. What is a headman, and do the !Kung people have headmen? Explain your answer.
2. What forms of economic distribution would be most closely associated with headmen and chiefs, respectively, and why?
3. What are some examples of the use (and abuse) of group labor by chiefs to erect “sacred precincts for communal rituals marking the change of seasons”?
4. What implications does the development of social status and hierarchy have on the modern world?

E-mail your completed assignment
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu, with the SUBJECT: ANTHB2

Due Friday, May 2, 5pm

(Note: for regular correspondence, do not use the above link, or remove the automatic subject line heading)