INTRO TO ANTHROPOLOGY:LN1 - ONLINE MEDIA
Professor Reymers - Spring 2018


Online Media 10

OM9

Read the following article about practices of reciprocity and answer the following questions:Reciprocity and the Power of Giving, by Lee Cronk

1. Explain where the term “Indian-giving” came from and why.

2. How has gift giving in some societies come to serve as a substitute for war? Describe a culture that has a “war of wealth” instead of a “war of blood”.

3. What is a modern-day example of reciprocity that the author discusses?

E-mail your completed assignment
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu, with the SUBJECT: ANTH10

Due Friday, April 20, 5pm

Online media assignments are graded on a pass (1)/fail (0) basis. See the Grades webpage for results.

 


Online Media 9

Family

Read the following article about family and answer the following questions:

Is There a Family? New Anthropological Views, by Collier, Rosaldo and Yanagisako

1. According to the authors, what was the view of Bronislaw Malinowski about the cultural universality of "the family"?

2. What are some problems with the traditional "structural" view of the family institution according to the authors?

3. In what ways do the authors try to "rethink" the social construction that is "the family"?

E-mail your completed assignment
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu, with the SUBJECT: ANTH9

Due Friday, April 13 5pm

Online media assignments are graded on a pass (1)/fail (0) basis. See the Grades webpage for results.

 


Online Media 8

OM8

Watch this video featuring Harvard psychologist
Steven Pinker about linguistics.
Then answer the following questions.

1. What makes language one of "the fundamental topics of the human sciences"?

2.
About how many human societies use language? Are there any human societies without language?

3.
What is NOT language?

4.
What is the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis?

5.
What three things DO describe language?

6.
How many words does the average high school graduate know and (on average) how many words per hour would you have to learn, and from what age, to amass this large a vocabulary?

7.
What do "phrase-structure rules" allow for in language?

8.
What's the world's longest sentence in the Guiness Book of Records, and why is it a meaningless record?

9.
What is an "accent"? What is "poetry and rhetoric"?

10.
Why did we evolve with a larynx (voicebox) right next to our windpipe, leaving us with an increased risk of choking?

11.
Why can't computers understand language?

12.
What is the "cooperative principle"?

E-mail your completed assignment
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu, with the SUBJECT: ANTH8

Due FRIDAY, March 30, 5pm

 


Online Media 7

Watch the following YouTube video and answer the questions as you watch:

OM7

Everything You Wanted To Know About Culture But
Were Afraid To Ask
, Dr. Saba F. Sabdar, TEDxGuelphU

1. How does Safdar define culture? Give some examples other than the ones used by Safdar.

2. What two types can we use to assess a culture, according to Greg Hofstede (2001)? What type do you think United States culture would best fit?

3. What can verbal abuse tell us about a culture?

4. How can humor reveal to us differences in cultural understanding? Why didn't the Dalai Lama get the joke?

5. What implications does this TED talk have regarding communication and cultural diversity?

E-mail your completed assignment
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu, with the SUBJECT: ANTH7

Due Friday, Mar 23, 5pm




Online Media 6

OM6

Video Assignment:

Watch the following YouTube video and answer the questions as you watch:

Guns, Germs and Steel, Part 1, feat. Jared Diamond
(Source: National Geographic, 2005)

1. What is the thesis of this documentary? (answer this question at the end of the video, but contemplate it throughout)

2. What was the name of the Middle Eastern village identified by Canadian archaeologist Ian Kuijt (pronounced "Kite") where people settled into a community for the first time?

3. What grain sources were available to the people of this first community?

4. What is the human artifact (a feature of the archaeological site) that is so important in the development of domestication of plants?

5. How did the first farmers impact the evolutionary development of the plants around them?

6. According to Diamond, why did the New Guinea farmers not develop civilization?

7. What is the advantage that Americans have over New Guineans when it comes to the crops we eat?

8. How did the domestication of animals relate to farming in America and New Guinea?

9. Why were most of the villages of the fertile crescent abandoned after one thousand years of intensive farming and where did the people go?

10. What are some of the criticisms of Jared Diamond's argument that geography and food crops explain inequality and how does he answer them?

E-mail your completed assignment
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu, with the SUBJECT: ANTH6

Due Friday, Mar 16, 5pm

(Note: for regular correspondence, do not use the above link for email, or remove the automatic subject line heading "ANTH" if you do).

Online media assignments are graded on a pass (1)/fail (0) basis. See the Grades webpage for results.

 


Online Media 5

OM6

Video Assignment:

Watch this video of the archaeology of the Fremont Indians. Then answer the following questions:

1. Where did the archaeological research take place?
2. What makes this archaeological research site so unique?
3. How old was the Fremont civilization?
4. What feature were the archaeologists trying to discover at the base camp site?
5. What types of artifacts were discovered by the archaeological team?
6. What forms of remote sensing did they use?
7. Why were the archaeologists rappelling off cliffs?
8. What figures were portrayed on the petroglyph drawings?
9. What was the conclusion the team drew regarding what they could learn from their excavation of the base camp site?

E-mail your completed assignment
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu, with the SUBJECT: ANTH5

Due Friday, Mar 2, 5pm

 


Online Media 4

OM4

Listen to this interview with Trevor Noah, host of the Daily Show from the program "Fresh Air" on NPR (2/18/2016, feat. host Terry Gross) and answer the following questions.

1. What are Trevor Noah's roots (what place and circumstances does he come from)?

2. What is the sociological point Noah is making (using humor) about the "race" checkbox on employment forms?

3. How is Noah's family history related to South African apartheid (segregation)?
Note: If you don't know what "apartheid" is, read this.

4. How did apartheid affect Noah's parents' relationship?

5. What are the different cultural sensitivities in Britian and the U.S. regarding talking about race?

6. What is the point of the tips Noah gives about "not getting shot" (in another comedy routine)?

7. What is Noah's advice regarding "sharing the plight of the people that are oppressing you"? Discuss in terms of "role-reversal" and stereotyping.

8. What does Noah's joke about an African-American not recognizing an African say about preconceptions about race? How can this be misinterpreted to reinforce racism?

E-mail your completed assignment
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu, with the SUBJECT: ANTH4

Due Friday, Feb 23 5pm

(Note: for regular correspondence, do not use the above link for email, or remove the automatic subject line heading "ANTH" if you do).

Online media assignments are graded on a pass (1)/fail (0) basis. See the Grades webpage for results.

 


Online Media 3

OM3

Watch PBS NOVA's"Becoming Human, Part III"

(YouTube, ~52 min, 2014)

Take notes during the video and answer these questions while you watch:

1. What is significant about the cave burial site in which Homo heidelbergensis was discovered?

2. Who is the "Boy from Scladina" and what does his story reveeal to us about the behavior of Neanderthals about 100,000 years ago?

3. What is the "bottleneck effect" (in relation to the DNA structure of modern humans)?

4. What is the evidence of small groups of humans living on the coast of Africa 76,000 years ago?

5. According to the DNA evidence presented by the Max Planck Institute in Germany, did ancient Homo sapiens and Neanderthals interbreed?

6. Why did Neanderthals become extinct, and why did we Homo sapiens survive?

E-mail your completed assignment:
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu
SUBJECT: ANTH3


DO NOT send as an attachment, please.

Due on or before Friday Feb 9 at 5pm sharp

(Note: for regular correspondence, do not use the above link for email, or remove the automatic subject line heading "ANTH" if you do).

Online media assignments are graded on a pass (1)/fail (0) basis. See the Grades webpage for results.

 


Online Media 2

OM2

Watch In Search of Human Origins (1999, 69 min, Discovery Channel), and answer the following questions (if you're having a hard time finding the answers, the time markers indicate roughly the minute within which each answer can be found. But for context, it is important that you watch the video in its entirety).

1. In 1969 what did Richard Leakey and his team discover in Africa? (~3 min)

2. What was the change that happened to our understanding of the path of human origins as a result of the above discovery? (~4 min)

3. What was the Great Rift Valley of Africa like 5 million years ago? (~7 min)

4. What geographical features led to different adaptations for humans and chimpanzees? (~1 min)

5. What was the important adaptation that developed, as evidenced by fossilized footprints discovered at Laetoli? (~12 min)

6. What were the physical characteristics of the young hominid Australopithecenes found in Steigfontein cave and in Ethiopia (nicknamed Lucy)? (~17 min)

7. What species was found near the edges of Lake Turkana and what were the new physical differences in the skeleton from earlier species from which he evolved?(~21 min)

8. How many migrations from Africa were there according to the genetic evidence produced by the Khoi San people? Explain. (~30 min)

9. What force of nature trapped Homo sapiens in Africa and drove Australopithecenes and Homo ergaster to extinction? (~34 min)

10. What is the nickname given to the fossil evidence from Omo Kibbish dated to 130,000 years ago, and why was it given that nickname? (~44 min)

E-mail your completed assignment:
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu
SUBJECT: ANTH2


DO NOT send as an attachment, please.

Due on or before Friday Feb 2 at 5pm sharp


Online Media 1

OM1

Evidence for Evolution from StatedClearly.com (YouTube 11:22)

1. What are the two main claims of the theory of evolution?

2. What are the lines of evidence that support the claims of evolutionary theory?

3. How many different species are estimated to be living today?

4. How does evidence from comparative anatomy suggest that whales and other cetaceans evolved from a pre-existing four-legged land creature?

5. How does embryology help to confirm our suspicions that whales are closer to mammals than to fish in their evolutionary development?

6. How does fossil evidence from the ancient creatures called Basilosaurad and Maiacetus suggest

7. How do DNA comparisons help to confirm our suspicions that whales evolved from a four-legged land creature?

IMPORTANT:
E-mail
your answers
TO: reymers@morrisville.edu, with the
SUBJECT: ANTH1

DO NOT send your answers as an attachment, please.

Due on or before Friday Jan 26 at 5pm sharp (no lates, no exceptions)

(Note: for regular correspondence, do not use the above link for email, or remove the automatic subject line heading "ANTH" if you do).




Note: I will give you 3 chances to get the subject heading correct and to not include attachments in your online media emails to me.

For example, when you sent the first online media assignment, you should have used a subject heading in the email of "ANTH#", where "#" means the number of the specific assignment of the week. If you wrote something else (like, for instance, "Online Media Questions 1" or "anthro 4 hw"), or if you have included your assignment as an attachment, you have not paid attention to the details of the assignment instructions (details which make it crucially easier for me to organize your responses and read what you have written).

You can do this three times without penalty, but a fourth and further instances of not paying attention to the details will result in a 1-point reduction from your Online Media grade. For the vast majority of you who are doing it right, thank you for paying attention to the details!

- Regards, Prof Reymers