Introduction to Social Movements
Pre-1970s Social Movements Theory:
Collective Behavior and Social Contagion
Neil Smelser's Value-Added Theory and
Turner & Killian's Emergent Norm Theory
The Politics of Social Movements:
Democracy, Elites, and Mass Society Theory
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"Look at the Sky!" social contagion exercise, Fall 2016
"Carry That Weight" anti-sexual violence protest, Fall 2015
"Singing connected with movements and action is a much more ancient, and, at the same time, more complex phenomenon than is a simple song."
-- Zoltan Kodaly
"There are no globalized, youth-led, grassroots social movements advocating for democratic culture across Muslim-majority societies. There is no equivalent of Al-Qaeda without the terrorism."
-- Maajid Nawaz
"The abolition and suffrage movements progressed when united and were damaged by division; we should remember that."
-- Gloria Steinem
"Fascist movements kill off their critics, literally or metaphorically, while democratic movements value, invite and even welcome criticism."
-- Parker Palmer
"Social movements are at once the symptoms and the instruments of progress. Ignore them and statesmanship is irrelevant; fail to use them and it is weak."
-- Walter Lippmann
"The power of a movement lies in the fact that it can indeed change the habits of people. This change is not the result of force but of dedication, of moral persuasion. "
― Stephen Biko
“It may well be that we will have to repent in this generation. Not merely for the vitriolic words and the violent actions of the bad people, but for the appalling silence and indifference of the good people who sit around and say, "Wait on time.”
― Martin Luther King Jr., A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings and Speeches
“By thinking globally I can analyze all phenomena, but when it comes to acting, it can only be local and on a grassroots level if it is to be honest, realistic, and authentic.”
― Jacques Ellul, Perspectives on Our Age
“A critical element in nearly all effective social movements is leadership. For it is through smart, persistent, and authoritative leaders that a movement generates the appropriate concepts and language that captures the frustration, anger, or fear of the group's members and places responsibility where it is warranted.”
― David E. Wilkins, The Hank Adams Reader: An Exemplary Native Activist and the Unleashing of Indigenous Sovereignty
“In the case of Tunisia, it was indeed this single act that sparked what had been long-standing active protest movements and moved them forward. But that's not so unusual. Let's look at our own history. Take the civil rights movement. There had been plenty of concern and activism about violent repression of blacks in the South, and it took a couple of students sitting in at a lunch counter to really set it off. Small acts can make a big difference when there is a background of concern, understanding, and preliminary activism.”
― Noam Chomsky, Power Systems: Conversations on Global Democratic Uprisings and the New Challenges to U.S. Empire
"When the women's liberation movement began, when people began protesting against the Vietnam War, civil rights movement, at the beginning of those movements, the majority of the country was not with them, did not believe in the basic principles of any of those philosophies."
-- Michael Moore
The only way we can challenge Islamism is to engage with one another. We need to make it as abhorrent as racism has become today. Only then will we stem the tide of angry young Muslims who turn to hate. ― Maajid Nawaz