Notes – Sociology 101 – Morrisville State College – Exam 1
to Review for Exam 1:
A. Introduction (from text Chapter 1 and class notes)
- What is sociology and how do we define society?
- What is the smallest "unit of analysis" in sociology?
- What is "the self," as defined for sociologists?
- What is "the sociological imagination"?
- What is a social institution? What does the acronym FREEP stand for?
- What social forces were changing in European society in the 1800s?
- Who are the thinkers (2F2G -- two in France, two in Germany ) who founded sociology as an "enlightenment science"?
is Structural-Functional Theory?
word = order; society as body; institutional-scale (macro-level); Durkheim)
- What is Social
word = power; society as arena; group-scale (macro-level);
- What is Symbolic-Interaction
word = meaning; society built from everyday life;
individual-scale (micro-level); Weber)
- Online Media - The Sociological Imagination: What is the definition and meaning of the "sociological imagination"?
B. Doing Social Science (text Chapter 2 and class notes)
- What defines the scientific method?
- What is a hypothesis? What is a theory?
- What are the four "ways of knowing" (and establishing our beliefs)?
- What does the acronym NOTTUS stand for?
- What are the differences between science, pseudoscience, non-science, and protoscience?
- What are
the typical methods of sociological research?
- What is the
difference between a research method's reliability and its validity?
- Online Media - Common Sense: Why did Duncan Watts caution us to think of sociology as more than just common sense?
C. Culture (text Chapter 3 and class notes)
- What is one definition of culture?
- What does it mean that "culture is to people as water is to fish"?
- What is culture shock?
- What are ethnocentricity and xenocentricity?
- On the four components of culture:
... What are Symbols?
... What is Language?
... What are Values and Norms? How does this relate to beliefs?
... What are Artifacts?
- What is the difference between Material vs. Non-material culture? How are
they connected? How does ripping up a dollar bill demonstrate this?
- What is meant by the term "the globalization of culture"?
- Online Media: We Talk About Culture - what are the ways in which culture influences individuals? Should we always submit to our cultural constructions?
D. Social Construction (text Chapter 4 and class notes)
- How is food production related to social development?
- What types of food production have developed?
- What types of societies have developed in relation to food production?
- How have three different classical sociologists explain different types of societies?
... Durkheim: Structural-Functionalism ideas and concepts
... Marx: Social Conflict ideas and concepts
... Weber: Symbolic Interaction ideas and concepts
- What is Social
Status? (what are: status set, ascribed status, achieved status?)
- What is a Social Role? (what are: role set, role conflict, role strain, role exit, role synchonicity?)
- What does the
Social Construction of Reality mean?
is the Thomas Theorem?
- What is Ethnomethodology?
- Online Media: How do we accumulate role knowledge from our everyday experiences, especially when we are young?