Questions – Sociology 101 – Morrisville State College – Exam 1
Use these questions as a kind of "flash card" -- can you answer each one without referring to the textbook or notes? Prepare by testing yourself before you take the test on Blackboard -- this is proven to be the best way to study. Develop hints for yourself, acronyms and sayings, that will help you remember critical information. Organize the information in your mind following the outline provided in the notes. And do short stints of studying -- rest your mind between study sessions.
to Review for Exam 1:
A. Introduction (from text Chapter 1 and class notes)
- What is sociology and how do we define society?
- What is the smallest "unit of analysis" in sociology?
- What is "the self," as defined for sociologists?
- How is "society" best defined?
- What does it mean to have a "sociological imagination"?
- What is a social institution? What does the acronym FREEP stand for?
- What social forces were changing in European society in the 1800s?
- Who are the thinkers (2F2G -- two in France, two in Germany ) who founded sociology as an "enlightenment science"?
- Online Media - Sociological Imagination - What is the sociological imagination and who created the phrase?
B. Doing Social Science (text Chapter 2 and class notes)
- What defines the scientific method?
- What is a hypothesis? What is a theory?
- What does the acronym NOTTUS stand for?
- What are the differences between science, pseudoscience, non-science, and protoscience?
- What are
the typical methods of sociological research?
- What is the
difference between a research method's reliability and its validity?
- Online Media - The Baloney Detection Kit: can you name at least three tools in the toolkit of baloney detection?
C. Cultural Sociology (text Chapter 3 and class notes)
- What is one definition of culture?
- What does it mean that "culture is to people as water is to fish"?
- What is culture shock?
- What are ethnocentricity and xenocentricity?
- On the four components of culture:
... What are Symbols?
... What is Language?
... What are Values and Norms? How does this relate to beliefs?
... What are Artifacts?
- What are the four "ways of knowing" (and establishing our beliefs)?
- What is the difference between Material vs. Non-material culture? How are
they connected? How does ripping up a dollar bill demonstrate this?
- What is meant by the term "the globalization of culture"?
- Online Media:We Talk About Culture - what are the ways in which culture influences individuals? Should we always submit to our cultural constructions?
D. Social Construction (text Chapter 4 and class notes)
- How is food production related to social development?
- What types of food production have developed?
- What types of societies have developed in relation to food production?
- How have three different classical sociologists explain different types of societies?
... Durkheim: Structural-Functionalism ideas and concepts
... Marx: Social Conflict ideas and concepts
... Weber: Symbolic Interaction ideas and concepts
- What is Social
Status? (what are: status set, ascribed status, achieved status?)
- What is a Social Role? (what are: role set, role conflict, role strain, role exit, role synchonicity?)
- What does the
Social Construction of Reality mean?
is the Thomas Theorem?
- What is Ethnomethodology?
- Sociological Theories:
- Who are the thinkers coming after Auguste Comte (1F2G -- one in France, two in Germany ) who founded sociology as an "enlightenment science"?
is Structural-Functional Theory?
word = order; society as a "body"; institutional-scale (macro-level); Durkheim)
- What is Social
word = power; society as arena, the combatants are social classes; group-scale (macro-level);
- What is Symbolic-Interaction
word = meaning; society built from human behavior in everyday life;
individual-scale (micro-level); Weber)
- Online Media: How do we accumulate role knowledge from our everyday experiences, especially when we are young?