Notes – Sociology 101 – Morrisville State College – Exam 1
to Review for Exam 1:
A. Introduction (from text Chapter 1 and online notes)
- What is sociology and how do we define society?
- What is the smallest "unit of analysis" in sociology?
- What is "the self," as defined for sociologists?
- What is "the sociological imagination"?
- What is a social institution? What does the acronym FREEP stand for (see course notes)?
- How do you define norms and roles?
- What is the meaning of the S.O.C.I. acronym?
- What social forces were changing in European society in the 1800s?
- Who are the thinkers (2F2G -- two in France, two in Germany ) who founded sociology as an "enlightenment science"?
is Structural-Functional Theory?
word = order; society as body; institutional-scale (macro-level); Durkheim)
- What is Social
word = power; society as arena; group-scale (macro-level);
- What is Symbolic-Interaction
word = meaning; society built from everyday life;
individual-scale (micro-level); Weber)
- Online Media - Sociological Imagination - What is the sociological imagination and who created the phrase?
- Online Media - Is Your Mind a Master or a Slave?: What did David Foster Wallace say about how we should handle the drudgery of life (standing in line, going to work, etc.)?
B. Doing Social Science (text Chapter 2 and class notes)
- What defines the scientific method?
- What is a hypothesis? What is a theory?
- What does the acronym NOTTUS stand for?
- What are the differences between science, pseudoscience, non-science, and protoscience?
- What is the difference between a dependent variable and an independent variable?
- What are
the typical methods of sociological research?
- What is a control group? What is the Hawthorne Effect?
- What is the
difference between a research method's reliability and its validity?
- Online Media - Baloney Detection: Name one of the nine rules of logic and reason outlined in Carl Sagan's original article that was noted in the video.
C. Culture (text Chapter 3 and class notes)
- What is one definition of culture?
- What does it mean that "culture is to people as water is to fish"?
- What is culture shock?
- What are ethnocentricity and xenocentricity?
- What is a subculture? What is a counterculture?
- What is the difference between Material vs. Non-material culture? How are
they connected? How does ripping up a dollar bill demonstrate this?
- On the four components of culture:
... What are Symbols?
... What is Language?
... What are Values and Norms? How does this relate to beliefs? What are "culture wars"?
... What are Artifacts?
- What is meant by the term "the globalization of culture"?
- Online Media: Crash Course in Culture - how do symbols, language, values and norms become elements of culture? What is the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis?